In our previous studies on the trinity we learned that God is one and there are three distinct persons within one God. Each is a separate and distinct person, yet each one is God. It is impossible to totally grasp this principle with the finite mind. However, we can understand the concept and that it is the clear teaching of the Word of God.
Below are several scriptural and non-scriptural illustrations and examples of the trinity. No illustration is perfect, but these will help in our attempt to understand the infinite God (Job 11:7).
The birth of Jesus. When the angel appeared to Mary about her giving birth to a child he said, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God” (Luke 1:35). All three members or persons of the trinity are mentioned here concerning Mary’s miraculous conception.
The discourse of Jesus (John 14 and 15). In this discourse all three persons of the trinity are mentioned and often interchangeably. The Father is mentioned in John 14:2; the Son in John 14:7-9; and the Holy Spirit in John 14:15-18 and 15:26.
Creation. All three persons of the trinity or Godhead are referred to as participating in creation. The Holy Spirit in Genesis 1:2 is seen “Moving over the surface of the waters” just prior to creation. The Son of God is mentioned as being a part of the creation, “His Son .. through whom also He made the worlds” (Hebrews 1:2). Both the Father and the Son are involved here. Of the Son it is said, “For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities…all things have been created through Him and for Him” (Colossians 1:16).
The baptism of Jesus (Luke 3:21-22). We read, “Jesus was also baptized, and while He was praying, heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, You are My beloved Son, in You I am well-pleased.” Here, at His baptism, we see the Son being baptized, the Holy Spirit descending upon Him, and the Father speaking out of heaven. The trinity or Godhead is revealed at His baptism.
Paul’s benediction. In his benediction, Paul says to the Corinthians, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14). He pronounces a blessing on them utilizing all three persons of the Trinity.
The resurrection of Christ. All three persons of the Trinity are seen as active participants in the resurrection. The Father raised Jesus from the dead, “God raised up His Servant and sent Him to bless you by turning every one of you from your wicked ways” (Acts 3:26). Jesus claimed He would raise Himself from the dead. “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. He was speaking of the temple of His body” (John 2:19 and 21). The Holy Spirit also raised Jesus from the dead. “But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you” (Romans 8:11). Each person of the Trinity were equally involved in the resurrection.
Man. Man was made in the image of God (Genesis 1:26). Man is made up of three parts. He has a body, soul and spirit. Take away any part of him and he ceases to be, yet there are three distinct parts to man.
The sun. There are three parts to the sun, heat rays, light rays and chemical rays. Heat rays are felt and not seen, light rays are seen but not felt. Chemical rays have an effect though they are not seen nor felt. All together we have sunshine, three rays and one light. Without one aspect we would have no sunlight.
Addition and multiplication. In addition three ones added together equals three. In multiplication three ones multiplied together equals one. Three ones equaling one? I don’t pretend to be a mathematician, but that doesn’t make a lot of sense to me. However, I know it to be a mathematical fact. We may not be able to completely grasp the concept of three persons in one God, but I know it to be a Biblical fact.
A triangle. The triangle has three sides to it. Take away either side and it will not be a triangle. It is similar with the trinity (Godhead). Take away one aspect and He ceases to be God.
The universe. “Uni” is one, yet the universe is made up of space, time and matter. Take away any of the three components and it is no longer a universe.
Water. In thermodynamics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which three phases (for example, gas, liquid and solid) of that substance coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Water under pressure, in a vacuum and at a given temperature below freezing, simultaneously exists as liquid, steam and ice. We see the in all of creation (Romans 1:20).
The U.S. government. The United States government is one government with three branches; executive, judicial and legislative. There are three distinct parts of one government.
Know Him. Paul said, “I know whom I have believed” (2 Timothy 1:12). Jesus said, “This is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent” (John 17:3). Let’s seek both to know Him personally, and all we can about Him.
Defend the faith. We are to fight for and defend the faith that was delivered to us (Jude 3). There are many false teachers and cults in our world today who pervert the pure gospel and Jesus Himself ( 2Corinthians 11:3-5 and Galatians 1:6-9). You must “Study to show yourself approved” (2 Timothy 2:15). We must be equipped to give an answer for the hope that is in us (1 Pete 3:15).
Disassociate. The Bible makes it clear we should not associate with those who hold and propagate false doctrine (1 Corinthians 15:33). I’m not talking about peripheral areas of theology, but the fundamentals of our faith. In fact, we are not to even let them into our home or give them greeting (2 John 7-11). This may seem harsh, but God said it. I am just reporting it.